We work towards a world in which everyone enjoys the right to freedom of expression

Erosion of media freedom in Europe casts a shadow on safety of journalists

In 2021, press freedom in Europe faced another challenging year, witnessing a rise in a wide range of attacks against journalists and attempts to curtail independent outlets. 

ARTICLE 19 Europe joins partner organisations of the Council of Europe’s Platform to Promote the Protection of Journalism and Safety of Journalists in launching an annual report examining the alarming trend of shrinking media freedom across the continent.

“Defending Press Freedom in Times of Tension and Conflict” provides an overview of alerts reported to the Platform, analyses major threats that hinder journalists’ reporting, and discusses the legal framework and measures required to improve protection of journalists.

Read the report now

In focus

SLAPPs in Europe

Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (known as SLAPPs) are abusive litigation used by well-resourced and powerful individuals to stifle public debate on vital issues such as corruption, mismanagement of public resources, and human rights violations by dragging their critics into time-consuming and costly legal proceedings.

ARTICLE 19 Europe conducts comprehensive research into the increasing trend of SLAPPs against journalists and other public watchdogs across Europe. As part of The Coalition Against SLAPPs in Europe (CASE) and the Media Freedom Rapid Response (MFRR), we have been advocating for EU-wide robust measures against abusive litigation for the past few years. We are encouraged to see that the European Commissions anti-SLAPP Initiative includes the core components of CASE Model Directive.

Read our regional report on SLAPPs in Europe

EU Anti-SLAPP Initiative

Anti-SLAPPs initiative is a landmark step in the right direction

Turkey

Free expression in Turkey is under attack with hundreds of journalists, academics and writers in jail. We work to defend freedom of expression and raise human rights violations to European institutions and the UN.

Read more on Turkey

Gezi Trial_photo credit Murat Başol

Turkey: Rule of law under fire as activists handed down crippling sentences

Ukraine

We stand in solidarity with Ukrainian people in the face of Russia’s aggression. The Russian Federation’s actions constitute an act of war and a blatant breach of international law and treaties, deserving of unequivocal international condemnation. Standing in solidarity with the people of Ukraine and with all those suffering in the war, Alongside our partners, activists and experts we are working to ensure the facts can no longer be ignored.

Read more on Ukraine 

A Ukranian flag being flown during a night protest

Perugia Declaration for Ukraine: Journalists must be protected

Russia

A relentless campaign of restrictive legislation is severely curtailing people’s rights to free expression. We monitor and raise Russia’s violations to international mechanisms and promote recommendations for Russia to meet international standards.

Read more on Russia

Digital Rights_Stock photo

Russia: Proposed UN Cybercrime Convention must uphold free speech

Central Asia

We promote freedom of expression in Central Asia by monitoring legislation, media regulation and safety of journalists. We provide legal recommendations for countries to meet international standards and raise violations to UN bodies and the Human Rights Council.

Read more on Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan Flag

Kyrgyzstan: End assault on free expression and independent media

Defending freedom of expression in Europe

The Expression Agenda is our global human rights strategy. Through it, we target the best means of protecting rights and freedoms on the ground, while enhancing international instruments that protect freedom of expression and the right to information around the world. Each year we produce a unique report on the state of freedom of expression globally. The “XpA Report” looks at trends across major issues of freedom of expression and information, and how they are experienced in various countries.

Expression Agenda

About ARTICLE 19 ECA

ARTICLE 19 ECA works across many countries in the region, but focuses on several priority countries: Turkey, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Albania, Serbia, Malta, Slovakia, eastern Europe and the EU bloc

Our Objective

Working with national partners in our priority countries and international coalitions of human rights defenders and experts we monitor the state of freedom of expression across the region and conduct sustained campaigning and advocacy to European institutions and global human rights mechanisms.

The Expression Agenda

The Expression Agenda is our global human rights strategy. Through it, we target the best means of protecting rights and freedoms on the ground, while enhancing international instruments that protect freedom of expression and the right to information around the world. Each year we produce a unique report on the state of freedom of expression globally. The “XpA Report” looks at trends across major issues of freedom of expression and information, and how they are experienced in various countries.

The Global Expression Report 2019/20